The Sustainable Development Goals in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Sustainable Development Goals are a global call to action to end poverty, protect the earth’s environment and climate, and ensure that people everywhere can enjoy peace and prosperity. These are the goals the UN is working on in Bosnia and Herzegovina:
12 March 2021
Climate Action in 2021
Climate change is intensifying a range of existing hazards and affecting activities associated with livelihoods, infrastructure and economic activity. The economic implications, coupled with the risk of significant climate change, require that all countries make bold pledges under the Paris Agreement to reduce emissions of the greenhouse gases (GHG) that cause global warming. The United Kingdom, in partnership with Italy, will host the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow on 1 – 12 November 2021. The COP26 summit will bring parties together to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina soon will adopt the National Determined Contributions (NDCs) where mitigation goal is raised to 12,8%GHG emission reduction till 2030, comparing to 2014, which is almost 40% reduction comparing to 1990. The country will finalize in 2021, the updated Climate Change Adaptation and Low Emission Development Strategy and Fourth National Communication and Third Biennial Update Report will be finalized. Throughout 2021, a series of events and activities are organized to engage citizens, communities, the civil society, local governments, the private sector, authorities around the need to take urgent action on climate change in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The United Nations, under the leadership of the UN Resident Coordinator, and with the technical lead of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), partners with the United Kingdom, Italy, France, and Sweden, and with the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Ministry of Spatial Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of Republika Srpska, and the Federal Ministry of Environment and Tourism. The Calendar is hosted by UNDP Bosnia and Herzegovina here and will be updated on a regular basis, with details corresponding to each announced event. We are committing to a green and resilient future - together for our Planet. #ForThePeopleForThePlanet
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30 October 2020
Women’s Coalition for Prosperity of BiH: Pathway to socially responsible political decision making
Twenty years ago, following the aftermath of the conflicts in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Rwanda, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1325 with a central focus on the critical role of women in peace and security matters. Never before had world leaders formally recognized the role of women in conflict and post-conflict contexts, including their contributions to brokering peace, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding. In tandem, Bosnia and Herzegovina will soon mark 25 years of peace. Whilst it has not been a perfect peace, it has presented the country’s leaders and citizens with an opportunity to rebuild a stable environment that would provide opportunities for all women and men. Let us use these two anniversaries to re-energize a call for more concerted action for gender equality as there is still much that needs to be done. Today we unfortunately see two realities in BiH: A public one, dominated by voices and agendas of men; and a private one, where the country’s communities and families are primarily kept together by the energy and efforts of women. As BiH approaches its 7th local elections since the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords, the political arena continues to be a space where very few women operate. Many of those that ventured into political life have been met with threats, degrading rhetoric and even open attacks and violence. Some have persevered and became strong voices for issues that could change the life of citizens – fighting to rebuild local communities; helping to strengthen family protection and social safety nets; and advocating for long-overdue and badly needed socio-economic, educational and health system reforms. In the 2016 local elections only 18.2% of women candidates were elected into the local councils and only 6 women (out of 140) were elected mayors. This year only 29 women are running for the 425 mayoral posts across the country. The space for political voice of women in BiH is extremely limited and it is high time to expand it. COVID-19 became a litmus test for progress on gender equality. The far-reaching social and economic impacts of the pandemic, including the significant increase in violence against women, threaten to reverse the limited, hard-won advances made over the last 25 years. Simultaneously, the critical leadership of women during this moment in history is becoming more evident by the day. They have been at the center of community efforts to remain resilient and to recover better – providing first response to survivors of violence, comprising the majority of medical first responders and providing essential care for children and the elderly. The 20th anniversary of SCR 1325 reminds us why it is critical to help expand the influence of women’s critical role in society by reflecting it in the political sphere as well. We can do this by helping connect pioneering women political leaders with young female agents of change and grassroots champions who are excluded from, or work outside of, the country’s political arena. With women making up 51% of BiH’s population, they have a fundamental right to participate in decisions affecting their future; their voices must be reflected in emerging policies and political decisions. Women should not simply be invited; they should be included; not just engaged but ensured a co-lead in the country’s political processes. Let us all, therefore, advocate for a Women’s Coalition for Prosperity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Such a coalition is necessary as when women’s participation, rights and interests are part of policy making, everything changes. New perspectives are brought to the table; new constituencies are engaged; and solutions are more holistic, equitable and sustainable. A Women’s Coalition can help ensure that the perspectives of a broad range of women and girls are systematically included in policy debates, policy formulation and that society at large becomes more sensitized to this issue. It can help better inform the positions of government on critical, yet differentiated, priorities and needs in society. The Coalition can help create a more genuine opportunity for women to bring their expertise forward and participate – fully and equally – in all political spaces: As voters; as community members; as civil society leaders; as candidates; as parliamentarians; and as members of the BiH Presidency! In the face of power politics in BiH, unequal social structures and restricted civic space demand political will and resources to amplify women’s voices and the support of others to advocate and fight for their participation. Attitudes and resources need to be shifted; and the wider public’s understanding of the importance of women’s central participatory role expanded. Put simply, more allies are needed. BiH was the first state in Southeastern Europe to develop a country wide Action Plan which translated the principles of Resolution 1325 into goals for the country. Now its 3rd iteration (2018 – 2022) calls for higher participation of women in decision-making. There can be no clearer signal for all stakeholders to redouble their efforts to move the needle forward. In BiH and the region, there is a saying that “three pillars of the house stand on a woman’s shoulders” (“Na ženi stoje tri stuba kuće.”) Women have been holding the BiH house together and harnessing its potential against all odds. Women have rebuilt communities across the country in the darkest of times and have borne new life. Women have worked tirelessly to heal the wounds of war and cherished the hope of having communities work together for brighter futures. We therefore call on men and women to come together for the Women’s Coalition for Prosperity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. BiH still requires bold initiatives in order to achieve truly sustainable security and development and human rights for men and for women, in equal measure.
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01 June 2021
2020 UN Bosnia and Herzegovina Results Report
The work of the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in Bosnia and Herzegovina over the last six years was guided by the 2015–2020 United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), which was endorsed by the Council of Ministers on 14 May 2015. Thirteen outcomes were agreed, across four strategic focus areas that respond to the country’s needs and make use of the United Nations comparative advantages. This Report offers a summary of the key results achieved, with a detailed highlight of the 2020 actions across: Pillar 1 - Rule of Law and Human Security Pillar 2 - Sustainable and Equitable Development and Employment Pillar 3 - Social Inclusion: Education, social protection, child protection and health Pillar 4 - Empowerment of Women Visual presentation of results here.
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20 September 2021
Young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina know what kind of future they want to see
Bosnia and Herzegovina has all the natural and human resources to be a prosperous, fast-growing, leading ‘green’ country by 2045, for the benefit of everyone living in it. This was the underlining vision shared by the young people participating in the “Next 25 years in BiH” arts competition, whose winners were awarded in Sarajevo on 17th September. The competition was organized by the United Nations’ Dialogue for the Future initiative and the OSCE Mission to BiH in June this year, building upon the “25 Years of Peace” competition for youth organized in December 2020. Guided by the call for a Decade of Action to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, young people across BiH were asked to reflect on what a peaceful and prosperous future means to them and what should the next 25 years look like in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Winners were announced in three categories, with Ms. Nizama Husetic awarded for the best written piece, Ms. Azra Imamovic for an illustration and Ms. Ajla Berber for a video-presentation. A conversation with young people participating in the competition followed, with dr. Ingrid Macdonald, the UN Resident Coordinator in BiH, Ambassador Kathleen Kavalec, Head of the OSCE Mission to BiH, Mr. Sukhrob Khoshmukhamedov, the UNDP Deputy Resident Representative, Mr. Siniša Šešum, Head of UNESCO Antenna Office in Sarajevo, and Ms. Sanja Kabil, UNICEF Head of Education Section. “We know that many people are leaving Bosnia and Herzegovina every year. It is a serious problem: the country is rapidly losing its most valuable capital – its people. Yet, traveling across the country, meeting the young people today, reading their words, viewing their art – it gives us hope. It energizes us to redouble efforts to make their vision of a more prosperous, inclusive and fairer future a reality.”, said dr. Ingrid Macdonald, the United Nations Resident Coordinator in BiH. “It is crucial that young people engage to help move BiH forward, to ensure change based on democratic values, and foster political and social stability. Such voices need to be amplified: this is just one reason why the OSCE Mission to BiH has supported this essay competition, together with our United Nations colleagues.” said Ambassador Kathleen Kavalec, Head of the OSCE Mission to BiH. The overall competition winner, Ms. Nizama Husetic, outlined in her winning piece the potential that BiH holds in its industry, tourism, tradition and – people, which could enable its growth and implementation of Sustainable Development Goals: “Fortune favors the brave, and we have never been anything less than that. Society in which everyone is working in the sphere in which they are the best, to which they are dedicated, will never be a doomed society”. The art works submitted for the two cycles of the competition show without doubt that young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina know what kind of future they want to see – one guided by the values of peace, mutual understanding, dignity and inclusion.
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02 July 2021
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